For areas with artificial light, such as tunnels, underground bunkers, or vertical farms, LED grow lights are able to mimic the various light conditions required by plants. Some polytunnels, for example, are opaque and block natural light from reaching them. This allows them to produce mushrooms. Mars Hydro have been dedicated to supplying commercially feasible LED grow lights to grow food and medicine to indoor horticulture farmers, from hobbyists to professionals improving yields and marketability by the adoption of high-quality components, scientific designs, and frontier technology.
Matcham explains that LED grow lights are an efficient way to provide light in these polytunnels. They don’t produce too much heat and still allow us to see clearly. You can use some light to simulate night conditions which will aid in the production and reproduction.
The environmental factors that affect your selection of LED grow light spectrum are similar to natural light spaces. Factors to consider include light, temperature, humidity, temperature, humidity, air motion, soil nutrients and water, as well as O2.
Plants can be damaged by too much light if there is not enough root zone support for O2, nutrient and H2O. You can ensure that your plants receive the best lighting by understanding your system limits.
The Significance and Importance of Light
Without light, there is no photosynthesis. Without photosynthesis, plants will die. The process of taking energy from the light and turning it into chemical energy is an essential part of plant growth, no matter what the environment. This is why your LED grow light spectrum must be designed carefully to ensure this happens. To manage your crops effectively, you will need to know the wavelengths of light required by each plant species throughout its life cycle. This will allow you to determine the best way to grow them.
Matcham says that the changing seasons are crucial to a plant’s survival. All plants that experience significant seasonal changes respond similarly. “Spring is when dormant plants grow leaves and become larger. As the plant establishes itself, a flowering stem may be developed that will eventually produce seeds in autumn.
Some plants grow seeds underground, while others, like Rocket, produce flowers and then seed pods. This is known as bolting in food production. This is not a good thing as the stems can cause damage to the crop. The stems also consume valuable energy, and it reduces the quality and value of the crop.
A potato crop that is fast growing and flowers early could be very productive. The most important of the cardinal environmental elements that control these growth rates and cycles is light. It is crucial to ensure that every environment has the right wavelengths in order to produce the best crop. To ensure they all work together, it is important to balance the light with the eight other cardinal environmental factors. This will result in the most efficient and energy-efficient crops.
You should be aware of the following wavelengths in the light spectrum: UV, far-red, blue, green and red. Plant growth is dependent on the UV spectrum, which is located between 100 and 400nm. This spectrum helps plants produce certain substances that enhance flavour and quality. The 400-500nm blue wavelength is associated with growth and flowering. It can also improve certain plant types’ quality. Blue light, when used with other wavelengths of the grow light spectrum, can be useful in tightly managing growth cycles. Although the green light spectrum between 500 and 600nm is not as effective as other wavelengths for plant growth, it is still valuable for photosynthesis. Research has shown that green light can actually promote extension growth. The results depend on the intensity of the crop.